Industrial control systems (ICSs)
Networked systems that control critical infrastructure such as water, electrical, transportation, and telecommunication services.
Computer hardware and software that have a specific function within a larger system such as a home appliance or an industrial machine.
Supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems
ICSs that send and receive remote-control signals to and from embedded systems.
Any objects (electronic or not) that are connected to the Internet by using embedded electronic components.
Smartphones, tablets, wearable devices, and other mobile computing devices.
Point-of-sale (PoS) systems
Stations that typically consist of a cash register, barcode scanner, and a debit and credit card scanner.
Devices that identify individuals by their physical characteristics, such as thumbprint scanners, retinal scanners, voice-recognition software, and facial-recognition software.
Virtualized environments that are designed to package and run a single computing application or service and that can share the same host kernel.
Real-time operating systems (RTOSs)
Specialized operating systems that feature a predictable and consistent processor scheduler.